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who will lead the wear-resistant materials industry of the future?
industry there is wear and tear, which is the old adage. this statement also reflects the profound material wear in a normal economic construction, especially industrial production, which also derives a growing cause for concern industry - wear-resistant materials industries. wear-resistant materials is not only an important foundation for the development of china's information technology, bio-technology, energy technology and other high-tech areas and national defense construction materials, and the transformation and upgrading of china's basic industries and traditional industries, such as agriculture, chemical industry, building materials based on a direct relationship to our resources, environment and sustainable development of society. wide range of wear-resistant materials, the wide range of uses, is the formation of a large-scale high-tech industry group, has a very broad market prospects and extremely important strategic significance.
in recent years, with the rapid development of the economy, in particular, china's rapid economic growth has greatly driven the development of wear-resistant materials industries. as we all know, metallurgy, electricity, building materials, coal, petrochemical, transportation, machinery industry has developed rapidly, the surge in iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, electricity, cement and other products. there is industrial wear, industrial growth in the consumption of wear parts, stimulate and pull a wear-resistant materials industry. while china is in a period of the rise of industrialization development, as energy consumption big country, wear-resistant materials on the market demand is also increasing year by year. according to statistics, china's annual consumption of all kinds of wear-resistant materials 200 million tons, worth more than a few hundred billion.
the same time, since the reform and opening up, china's wear and wear-resistant materials research has made significant progress. the statistics show, our study wear and wear-resistant materials agencies and production companies have several hundreds of wear wearing parts total output of up to a few hundred tons. which some production enterprise output has more than 40,000 tons, the output value of more than two billion; steel, low alloy steel, resistant white cast iron, high, medium, low chrome alloy cast iron, shellfish, martensite the wear-resistant materials such as ductile iron have been successfully applied in particular is the successful development of a wear-resistant materials and products that meet national conditions; most wear-resistant material production enterprises has basically met the conventional production equipment and testing instruments, and some more advanced analytical instruments (such as direct reading spectrometer, etc.). these years, our country from abroad or homemade are several production lines and advanced equipment wear parts. traditional technology is gradually being replaced and change. these have greatly improved the efficiency of the production of wear-resistant products, quality is more stable, and laid the foundation of wear-resistant materials products to the international market.
throughout wearable development since the reform and opening up of the industry, it certainly is very optimistic about the market prospects of wear-resistant materials, the overall amount of wear-resistant materials at home and abroad continue to steadily. accelerated pace of china's economic construction, stimulating market demand of wear-resistant materials, high-tech and high-life wear-resistant materials and materials consumption reduction, the two constraints determine the stability of the wear parts market, we can predict that strong economic development will eventually lead to further expansion of wear-resistant materials market. in the international market, a wide variety of wear-resistant materials for china's exports, which also marks part of the wear parts production enterprises in china have the strength to compete in international industry. analysis from the current situation, the wear-resistant materials industry in china is mainly state-owned enterprises, private enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises three types, and who will lead the future of the wear-resistant materials industry, who will monopolize the the wearable industry aotou? who will lead our country towards wearable power from the big countries of the wearable us wait and see.
state-owned enterprises: basic advantage is sitting jiangshan
such enterprises belongs original industry and local professional machinery plants and major industrial and mining machinery plant belongs and unwrought ball factory, such as a heavy, double, on the weight of; existing part of the enterprises have been restructured, which is characterized by technology stronger, high-quality staff, advanced production equipment, and analysis of testing equipment, wear parts production in terms of forging - heat treatment - machining, as well as a full set of detection independent production can soon achieve. but at the same time, the majority of the state-owned enterprise a rigid management mechanism to adapt to the market development, flexible marketing methods and modern enterprise management system, resulting in some state-owned enterprises deficit situation. however, with the changing of the market economic system, the state-owned enterprises are also constantly shift toward the modern enterprise management mechanism, part of the corporate restructuring has also led to the development of new state-owned enterprises, state-owned wear enterprises are still the basis of china's wear industry.
new army of private enterprises: flexible mechanism industry
such enterprises in recent years, it has rapidly developed, dynamic wear-resistant materials industry force is becoming flexible mechanism of enterprise management, enterprise development. attracted by the high profits of the wear parts such enterprises or by ordinary forges and converting wearable pieces, or by small grinding ball plant gradually evolved from a single forging developed to stop production casting, heat, machining . the the private wear most concentrated should be counted anhui ningguo, hundreds of city size wearable enterprise production accounts for domestic wear-resistant materials market oita amount. common problems of the kind of private-wear enterprise technical forces are relatively weak, the lack of production equipment and testing instruments and old staff to be further improved, requires a qualitative leap, group size, brand and market, the large-scale production is still a long way to go. however, after the development in recent years, a large number of enterprises have completed the primitive accumulation, is now a high standard of technical innovation and expansion, at the same time by the impact of favorable market recently also the starting point of the private wear enterprises under construction . the rise and growth of this type of private enterprise, commercial enterprise, plus restructuring became the basis of wear-resistant materials industry in china and hope.
foreign-funded enterprises: fast and violent landing on a beach
the reform and opening up, especially since china's accession to the world trade organization, the accelerated pace of international economic integration, china's integration into the world economic sphere soon. at the same time, technology and production levels of wear-resistant materials are constantly improving the yield and quality are rising gradually to reach the world advanced level. in recent years, china's wear-resistant materials in volume exports. brand wear-resistant materials such as "phoenix-shaped ningguo plant production of wear-resistant materials exported to japan, south korea, united states, australia, southeast asia and africa countries, and has established a high reputation in the international market, and thus also attracted many the foreign procurement refractories or invest and build factories. in today's world, the wear-resistant alloy materials industry, the united states, russia, germany and other developed countries are doing the best. from the whole of wear-resistant material varieties and specifications, quality requirements, process technology, production efficiency than with the developed countries, there is some discrepancy, seize the chinese market for foreign companies to provide the prerequisite. esco company, usa, australia wieland, canada amsco germany krupp company, toyo iron ball internationally renowned enterprises have been pre-empted in this regard, while domestic enterprises in technology innovation, quality requirements, technology and techniques also need to constantly upgrade to foreign enterprises should seize.
seize the opportunity to seek to develop
wear market continues to open up at home and abroad, the domestic enterprises to accelerate the pace towards the international community, while foreign companies are also attracted by the huge potential of the domestic market actively beach landing, wear-resistant materials gradually expand the market space, which requires wear companies must recognize the domestic and international situation, clearly see the future direction of development of the wear industry.
product mix, multiple business development experience, high-quality large-scale production of a single species and many varieties of specialized production in two ways more suitable refractory enterprises in china. the former to choose a single wear parts such as ball, jaw, shovel tooth and products such as organization of production, the goal is to be a product zuoyouzuoqiang this business due to a single product structure, high production efficiency, stable product quality, management is also relatively easy to place; the latter enterprises, mostly large and medium-sized enterprises, market-oriented, select the mode of production of many kinds of products, and strive casting - heat treatment - machining full production in order to maximize profits. many successful examples of the many varieties of specialized production enterprises both at home and abroad, but should attract chinese enterprises to pay special attention to the enterprise must have a higher level of production technology, the higher the quality of the staff, compared with the full production equipment and quality testing instruments comprehensive management capabilities and higher.
from product and technology development, product and technology development is an important means of enterprise upgrading. after the initial completion of the primitive accumulation of capital in the enterprise, most enterprises are faced with the upgrade and development opportunities, wear-resistant materials more variety, small batch, most of the products is not easy automation production lines for the production of these industry characteristics, seek product and technology development, and to improve the level of production technology and technological content of products, has become the main means for enterprises to upgrade. of state-owned large and medium-sized wearable enterprises, most of them have a strong development team can organize independent research and development or introduction of foreign advanced technology digestion and absorption; for many recent years, the development of small and medium-sized private enterprise, the r & d team weak, need to seek research cooperation with universities or research institutes, joint research and development, to build r & d center is an efficient and effective way.
wear enterprises in the future must be the pursuit of the goals from the international market to the international market as soon as possible. with the international economic integration, wear-resistant materials market has our open, high profit margins are very attractive to enhance the competitive strength of domestic enterprises to respond to the opportunities of the international market, with good product quality, delivery on time the prices reasonable grasp of the international market and to seize the domestic market in foreign and foreign share the domestic market, and then the rapid expansion of the international market, a share in the majority of the international market. in fact, the wear-resistant materials out of the country this process of integration into the international market, it is wear-resistant material enterprise integrated forces that management of technology, equipment, quality, staff quality and level of information technology assessment time. successful experience tells us that the self-perfection through the pursuit of exports, and thus improve the overall strength of enterprises, foreign businessmen will take the initiative to seek them out, will really seize export opportunities will firm in the domestic market at the same time.
from the "wear big country" toward "wearable power"
china's wear-resistant materials industry success in development since the reform and opening up, for all to see. relevant industry organizations have the technology and industrial development organizations convened session of wear-resistant material assembly, summed up many successful experiences and put forward many constructive guidance. at the same time, we also see that the entire industry of wear-resistant materials low product quality and performance, shoddy serious oversight is not perfect detection means, the lack of technological innovation, business equipment, low-level, low barriers to entry in the industry, disorderly development of enterprises, weak brand building, and the lack of large enterprises thriving enterprise, the lack of a range of issues such as international competitiveness, china's wearable industry urgently need a new level.
to this end, our enterprises must have a clear understanding, truly international enterprise management standards in management and adequate attention to product and technology development, as well as the introduction of new and high technologies, to enhance the culture of the workforce, to improve the level of production equipment and testing instruments. we have reason to believe that only has a scientific and modern management system, high-quality personnel, marketing of high-tech, advanced equipment and scientific management of enterprises to market in an invincible position, only this enterprise can lead wear-resistant materials industry in china, and to lead our country to become refractory powerhouse big country in the near future by a wear-resistant material.